International Court of Justice
Case #1: Questions relating to the Obligation to Prosecute or Extradite (Belgium vs Senegal)
This case revolves around the former dictator of Chad, Hissène Habré, who was accused of breaking international humanitarian law multiple times. He is currently seeking refuge in Senegal, where seven of his victims filed criminal complaints against him. He was then found guilty by a Senegalese judge only to be released after government intervention claimed there was lack of substantial evidence. Three other victims filed complaints in Belgium, which brings up this case to the ICJ. Revolving around human rights, and corrupt authority, this case captures the theme of “Freedom from Fear.”
Case #2: Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia)
This case revolves around the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia violating the Convention in the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention) on many accounts.This convention prohibits the destruction of a national, religious, ethnic, or racial group, and the Republic of Yugoslavia did that with Croatian citizens. The case was raised to the ICJ by Croatia against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia seeking justice and reparations.